Biotechnology and Health Sciences Biotechnology and Health Sciences Biotech Health Sci http://www.Biotech-health.com 2383-0271 2383-028X 10.5812/bhs en jalali 2017 5 27 gregorian 2017 5 27 3 3
en 10.17795/bhs-35073 Preparedness of Iranian Hospitals Against Disasters Preparedness of Iranian Hospitals Against Disasters review-article review-article Conclusions

Overall, the results derived from these studies indicated that hospital safety levels in most of the surveyed hospitals were moderate. Although the situation in hospitals is not critical, there is a need to plan and take appropriate measures to improve the safety level of the hospitals.

Results

Hospital preparedness in disaster was evaluated in three dimensions: structural, non-structural factors and vulnerability management performance. A total of readiness of hospitals in three dimensions was mediocre.

Evidence Acquisition

The present study was a simple review article, which was conducted via searching different sites, such as: Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct and PubMed, using different key words such as: Disasters, Crisis, Hospital and preparedness. The relationship between the articles found in relation to our subject was investigated through the title and abstract of articles. The relationship between the articles, which were found in relation to our subject, was investigated through the title and abstract of the articles. Our search included papers published during the period between 2007 and 2015 and we only considered studies that measured the preparedness of hospitals in critical conditions. Among the 30 articles, which were found, 17 were excluded from the study due to lack of relevant data. Hence, 15 papers, which were of proper design and robust data analysis, were included in the current study.

Context

Over the past decade the number of accidents and disasters has been growing around the world. In addition to damaging communities and infrastructures, unexpected disasters also affect service providers. This study aimed to evaluate the readiness of hospitals when confronted with unexpected disasters.

Conclusions

Overall, the results derived from these studies indicated that hospital safety levels in most of the surveyed hospitals were moderate. Although the situation in hospitals is not critical, there is a need to plan and take appropriate measures to improve the safety level of the hospitals.

Results

Hospital preparedness in disaster was evaluated in three dimensions: structural, non-structural factors and vulnerability management performance. A total of readiness of hospitals in three dimensions was mediocre.

Evidence Acquisition

The present study was a simple review article, which was conducted via searching different sites, such as: Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct and PubMed, using different key words such as: Disasters, Crisis, Hospital and preparedness. The relationship between the articles found in relation to our subject was investigated through the title and abstract of articles. The relationship between the articles, which were found in relation to our subject, was investigated through the title and abstract of the articles. Our search included papers published during the period between 2007 and 2015 and we only considered studies that measured the preparedness of hospitals in critical conditions. Among the 30 articles, which were found, 17 were excluded from the study due to lack of relevant data. Hence, 15 papers, which were of proper design and robust data analysis, were included in the current study.

Context

Over the past decade the number of accidents and disasters has been growing around the world. In addition to damaging communities and infrastructures, unexpected disasters also affect service providers. This study aimed to evaluate the readiness of hospitals when confronted with unexpected disasters.

Disasters;Risk Assessment;Hospital Preparedness;Iranian Hospitals Disasters;Risk Assessment;Hospital Preparedness;Iranian Hospitals http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=35073 Saeed Asefzadeh Saeed Asefzadeh Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Roya Rajaee Roya Rajaee School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran Fatemeh Ghamari Fatemeh Ghamari Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Rohollah Kalhor Rohollah Kalhor Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Soheyla Gholami Soheyla Gholami Health Information Management Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, IR Iran; Health Information Management Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9371818640 Health Information Management Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, IR Iran; Health Information Management Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9371818640
en 10.17795/bhs-35084 An Overview on the Effects of Sodium Benzoate as a Preservative in Food Products An Overview on the Effects of Sodium Benzoate as a Preservative in Food Products review-article review-article Context

Food spoilage has been a common problem throughout history, and much of the spoilage is caused the activity of microorganisms or enzymatic reactions during the storage of food. Thus, using chemical substances could prevent or delay food spoilage and this has led to the great success of these compounds in the treatment of human diseases. Sodium benzoate is one of the synthetic additives that are widely used in the food industry.

Results

Sodium benzoate is used in different industries as well as the food industry and it has adverse effects similar to other food additives.

Evidence Acquisition

In this review we summarized the history and role of benzoate sodium in the food industry, its limited value in different food, other uses, pharmacokinetics, and its toxicity in animal studies. A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, Scopus, Science Direct, and Scientific Information Databases (SID).

Conclusions

Studies on natural ingredients in foods to find compounds with similar effects as benzoate with less adverse effects is necessary.

Context

Food spoilage has been a common problem throughout history, and much of the spoilage is caused the activity of microorganisms or enzymatic reactions during the storage of food. Thus, using chemical substances could prevent or delay food spoilage and this has led to the great success of these compounds in the treatment of human diseases. Sodium benzoate is one of the synthetic additives that are widely used in the food industry.

Results

Sodium benzoate is used in different industries as well as the food industry and it has adverse effects similar to other food additives.

Evidence Acquisition

In this review we summarized the history and role of benzoate sodium in the food industry, its limited value in different food, other uses, pharmacokinetics, and its toxicity in animal studies. A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, Scopus, Science Direct, and Scientific Information Databases (SID).

Conclusions

Studies on natural ingredients in foods to find compounds with similar effects as benzoate with less adverse effects is necessary.

Sodium Benzoate;Preservative;Food Safety;Spoilage Sodium Benzoate;Preservative;Food Safety;Spoilage http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=35084 Mojtaba Shahmohammadi Mojtaba Shahmohammadi Department of Nutrition, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Department of Nutrition, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Maryam Javadi Maryam Javadi Department of Nutrition, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Children Growth Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Department of Nutrition, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Children Growth Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Marjan Nassiri-Asl Marjan Nassiri-Asl Department of Pharmacology, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Department of Pharmacology, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2833336001, Fax: +98-2833324970 Department of Pharmacology, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Department of Pharmacology, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2833336001, Fax: +98-2833324970
en 10.17795/bhs-36173 Lifestyles Based on Health Components in Iran Lifestyles Based on Health Components in Iran review-article review-article Conclusions

Due to positive effect of healthy lifestyle on health promotion of individuals, it would be better for the government to provide comprehensive programs and policies in the society to enhance awareness of people about positive effects of health-oriented lifestyle on life and also provide required conditions to have a healthy lifestyle. Islamic Republic of Iran considers all aspects of health. Therefore, by paying attention to physical, psychological, social and spiritual health and wisdom, it can provide social and individual healthy lifestyles.

Results

After examining articles based on the selected keywords and search strategies, 215 articles (134 in Farsi and 81 in English) were obtained. Components of lifestyle and health are increasing in recent years; therefore, 8 (42%) and 11 (58%) articles were published during 2005 - 2010 and 2011 - 2014, respectively. Among them, there were 3 (16%), 8 (42%), 2 (10.5%), 2 (10.5%) and 0 articles on the review of literature, descriptive-analytic, qualitative, analytic and descriptive articles, respectively.

Data Extraction

Following the careful study of these papers and excluding the unqualified papers, 19 papers with thorough information and higher relevance with the research purpose were selected.

Study Selection

In the primary research, many papers were observed out of which 157 (120 in Farsi and 37 in English) were selected.

Context

Lifestyle is a way employed by people, groups and nations and is formed in specific geographical, economic, political, cultural and religious texts. Health depends on lifestyle and is essential to preserve and promote health and improve lifestyle.

Objectives

The present study aimed to investigate lifestyle based on health-oriented components in Iran.

Data Sources

The research was conducted through E-banks including scientific information database (SID), Iran medical science databank (Iran Medex), Iran journal databank (Magiran) and other databases such as Elsevier, PubMed and google scholar meta search engine regarding the subject from 2000 to 2014. Moreover, Official Iranian statistics and information were applied. The search terms used included lifestyle, health, health promoting behaviors, health-oriented lifestyle and lifestyle in Iran.

Conclusions

Due to positive effect of healthy lifestyle on health promotion of individuals, it would be better for the government to provide comprehensive programs and policies in the society to enhance awareness of people about positive effects of health-oriented lifestyle on life and also provide required conditions to have a healthy lifestyle. Islamic Republic of Iran considers all aspects of health. Therefore, by paying attention to physical, psychological, social and spiritual health and wisdom, it can provide social and individual healthy lifestyles.

Results

After examining articles based on the selected keywords and search strategies, 215 articles (134 in Farsi and 81 in English) were obtained. Components of lifestyle and health are increasing in recent years; therefore, 8 (42%) and 11 (58%) articles were published during 2005 - 2010 and 2011 - 2014, respectively. Among them, there were 3 (16%), 8 (42%), 2 (10.5%), 2 (10.5%) and 0 articles on the review of literature, descriptive-analytic, qualitative, analytic and descriptive articles, respectively.

Data Extraction

Following the careful study of these papers and excluding the unqualified papers, 19 papers with thorough information and higher relevance with the research purpose were selected.

Study Selection

In the primary research, many papers were observed out of which 157 (120 in Farsi and 37 in English) were selected.

Context

Lifestyle is a way employed by people, groups and nations and is formed in specific geographical, economic, political, cultural and religious texts. Health depends on lifestyle and is essential to preserve and promote health and improve lifestyle.

Objectives

The present study aimed to investigate lifestyle based on health-oriented components in Iran.

Data Sources

The research was conducted through E-banks including scientific information database (SID), Iran medical science databank (Iran Medex), Iran journal databank (Magiran) and other databases such as Elsevier, PubMed and google scholar meta search engine regarding the subject from 2000 to 2014. Moreover, Official Iranian statistics and information were applied. The search terms used included lifestyle, health, health promoting behaviors, health-oriented lifestyle and lifestyle in Iran.

Lifestyle;Health;Health Promoting Lifestyle;Health;Health Promoting http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=36173 Mansour Babaei Mansour Babaei Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Mostafa Ghanei Mostafa Ghanei Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Khodabakhsh Ahmadi Khodabakhsh Ahmadi Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2188053767 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2188053767 Ali Mehrabi Tavana Ali Mehrabi Tavana Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Mohammadkarim Bahadori Mohammadkarim Bahadori Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Abbas Ebadi Abbas Ebadi Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Seyed Masoud Pour Saeed Seyed Masoud Pour Saeed Imam Hossein Comprehensive University, Tehran, IR Iran Imam Hossein Comprehensive University, Tehran, IR Iran Baratali Asghari Baratali Asghari Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
en 10.17795/bhs-35481 Self Confidence, Body Image and Social Pressure in Cosmetic Rhinoplasty Surgery Candidates Self Confidence, Body Image and Social Pressure in Cosmetic Rhinoplasty Surgery Candidates research-article research-article Results

Mean and standard deviation of self confidence, body image and social pressure were lower than the normal community. Statistical analyses showed a significant difference between genders only for mean self-confidence (P ≤ 0.05).

Background

In Iran, rhinoplasty has seemingly become the most favorite cosmetic surgery in the recent years, yet, there are limited reports about its psychosocial aspects

Objectives

The main goal of this study was to assess self-confidence, body image and social pressure in cosmetic rhinoplasty surgery candidates.

Patients and Methods

Using convenience sampling, 210 participants over the age of 20 years were enrolled in this study. The only inclusion criterion was agreement to participate in the study. A standard Likert-type questionnaire was used for gathering related data. This study was ap¬proved by the Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. All gathered data were analyzed using the SPSS software with 95% Confidence Interval (CI).

Conclusions

Cosmetic rhinoplasty candidates are in lower psychosocial status than the normal population. Researchers proposed a randomized clinical trial with at least a 12-month follow-up, to assess the effects of surgery on psychosocial dimensions of clients.

Results

Mean and standard deviation of self confidence, body image and social pressure were lower than the normal community. Statistical analyses showed a significant difference between genders only for mean self-confidence (P ≤ 0.05).

Background

In Iran, rhinoplasty has seemingly become the most favorite cosmetic surgery in the recent years, yet, there are limited reports about its psychosocial aspects

Objectives

The main goal of this study was to assess self-confidence, body image and social pressure in cosmetic rhinoplasty surgery candidates.

Patients and Methods

Using convenience sampling, 210 participants over the age of 20 years were enrolled in this study. The only inclusion criterion was agreement to participate in the study. A standard Likert-type questionnaire was used for gathering related data. This study was ap¬proved by the Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. All gathered data were analyzed using the SPSS software with 95% Confidence Interval (CI).

Conclusions

Cosmetic rhinoplasty candidates are in lower psychosocial status than the normal population. Researchers proposed a randomized clinical trial with at least a 12-month follow-up, to assess the effects of surgery on psychosocial dimensions of clients.

Self-Confidence;Body Image;Social Pressure;Rhinoplasty Self-Confidence;Body Image;Social Pressure;Rhinoplasty http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=35481 Kazem Hosseinzadeh Kazem Hosseinzadeh Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9112325786 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9112325786 Hamid Hamadzadeh Hamid Hamadzadeh Faculty of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Faculty of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Tahmineh Atashgaran Tahmineh Atashgaran University of Applied Science and Technology, Qazvin, IR Iran University of Applied Science and Technology, Qazvin, IR Iran Neda Montazeri Neda Montazeri Faculty of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Faculty of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran
en 10.17795/bhs-36162 The Effect of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training on Hepatic Enzymes in Males With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver The Effect of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training on Hepatic Enzymes in Males With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver research-article research-article Conclusions

The results suggest that physical activity improves metabolic parameters, which interfere in the development of fatty liver and has a protective role against the development of NAFLD.

Results

Statistical analysis demonstrated that the training group had significant changes in weight, BMI, TC, TG, LDL, VLDL, HDL/LDL, TC/ HDL, AST and ALT, whereas there was no significant change in HDL in NAFLD patients (P < 0.05).

Patients and Methods

The study was a randomized controlled trial. Thirty-two untrained males with NAFLD (aged = 32.93 ± 2.15 years, weight = 86.01.51 ± 8.40 kg) were recruited and randomly divided into equal experimental and control groups. The trained group took part in a combination aerobic and resistance training program for eight weeks (three times per week). The control group continued their routine life. The weight, body mass index (BMI) and serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), HDL/LDL, TC/HDL, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) were measured before and after the protocol.

Objectives

The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combination of aerobic and resistance training on hepatic enzymes in males with NAFLD.

Background

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disease associated with inactivity and obesity. Physical activity and exercise could affect the risk of NAFLD progression by improving the hepatic lipid profiles.

Conclusions

The results suggest that physical activity improves metabolic parameters, which interfere in the development of fatty liver and has a protective role against the development of NAFLD.

Results

Statistical analysis demonstrated that the training group had significant changes in weight, BMI, TC, TG, LDL, VLDL, HDL/LDL, TC/ HDL, AST and ALT, whereas there was no significant change in HDL in NAFLD patients (P < 0.05).

Patients and Methods

The study was a randomized controlled trial. Thirty-two untrained males with NAFLD (aged = 32.93 ± 2.15 years, weight = 86.01.51 ± 8.40 kg) were recruited and randomly divided into equal experimental and control groups. The trained group took part in a combination aerobic and resistance training program for eight weeks (three times per week). The control group continued their routine life. The weight, body mass index (BMI) and serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), HDL/LDL, TC/HDL, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) were measured before and after the protocol.

Objectives

The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combination of aerobic and resistance training on hepatic enzymes in males with NAFLD.

Background

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disease associated with inactivity and obesity. Physical activity and exercise could affect the risk of NAFLD progression by improving the hepatic lipid profiles.

Fatty Liver;Exercise;Lipid Profiles;Hepatic Enzymes Fatty Liver;Exercise;Lipid Profiles;Hepatic Enzymes http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=36162 Mohammad Taghi Hatami Mohammad Taghi Hatami Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IR Iran Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IR Iran Elham Eftekhari Elham Eftekhari Faculty of Humanities, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IR Iran; Faculty of Humanities, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-913368336 Faculty of Humanities, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IR Iran; Faculty of Humanities, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-913368336
en 10.17795/bhs-36810 The Prediction of Preeclampsia and Its Association With Hemoglobin and Hematocrit in the First Trimester of Pregnancy The Prediction of Preeclampsia and Its Association With Hemoglobin and Hematocrit in the First Trimester of Pregnancy research-article research-article Conclusions

The association of the 1st trimester high Hb and Hct with preeclampsia was revealed in this study, therefore it could be used as a prediction factor for early preeclampsia diagnosis.

Results

Preeclampsia incidence was 5.1% in our study. Mean Hb was 12.38 ± 1.69 g/dL in the preeclampsia group and 11.8 ± 1.18 in the non-preeclampsia group, and mean Hct was 37.74 ± 5.15% in the preeclampsia group and 35.45 ± 3.58% in the preeclampsia group and 35.45 ± 3.58% in the non-preeclampsia group, (P = 0.016) (P = 0.001). Furthermore, 43 out of 68 patients with preeclampsia (10.9%) had high hemoglobin (Hb ≥ 12.5 g/dL). We found a significant association between the 1st trimester Hb, Hct and preeclampsia (P < 0.001, P < 0.001). Assessed relative risk in high Hb group was 5.82 (3.14 - 10.18: CI 95%), and likewise 7.41 in high Hct group (Hct > 38%) (4.41 - 12.044: CI 95%). According to Youden’s Index, optimum cut-off for 1st trimester Hb was 12.65 and for Hct, this was 38.05%.

Objectives

The objective of this study was to determine the association of first trimester Hemoglobin (Hb) and Hematocrit (Hct) with preeclampsia.

Patients and Methods

This descriptive-analytic, prospective study was performed on 1376, less than 12 weeks of gestation, singleton pregnancies, visited for their prenatal care in health and medical clinics of the Qazvin province during years 2013 and 2014. At first, demographic data were recorded in a questionnaire and then all pregnant cases were referred to one of the three reference laboratories for their first trimester routine tests. After hemoglobin and hematocrit date collection, women were categorized in three groups: Hb < 11, Hb ≥ 12.49 and 11 ≤ Hb < 12.49, and based on Hct, two groups: Hct < 38% and Hct ≥ 38. The analysis was done by χ2 (chi-square) and t-test with SPSS 16. Receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve and Youden’s index were utilized for finding the optimum cut off for each. P values of < 0.05 were considered significant.

Background

Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are one of the most serious complications and their early diagnosis is one of the most important goals of prenatal care.

Conclusions

The association of the 1st trimester high Hb and Hct with preeclampsia was revealed in this study, therefore it could be used as a prediction factor for early preeclampsia diagnosis.

Results

Preeclampsia incidence was 5.1% in our study. Mean Hb was 12.38 ± 1.69 g/dL in the preeclampsia group and 11.8 ± 1.18 in the non-preeclampsia group, and mean Hct was 37.74 ± 5.15% in the preeclampsia group and 35.45 ± 3.58% in the preeclampsia group and 35.45 ± 3.58% in the non-preeclampsia group, (P = 0.016) (P = 0.001). Furthermore, 43 out of 68 patients with preeclampsia (10.9%) had high hemoglobin (Hb ≥ 12.5 g/dL). We found a significant association between the 1st trimester Hb, Hct and preeclampsia (P < 0.001, P < 0.001). Assessed relative risk in high Hb group was 5.82 (3.14 - 10.18: CI 95%), and likewise 7.41 in high Hct group (Hct > 38%) (4.41 - 12.044: CI 95%). According to Youden’s Index, optimum cut-off for 1st trimester Hb was 12.65 and for Hct, this was 38.05%.

Objectives

The objective of this study was to determine the association of first trimester Hemoglobin (Hb) and Hematocrit (Hct) with preeclampsia.

Patients and Methods

This descriptive-analytic, prospective study was performed on 1376, less than 12 weeks of gestation, singleton pregnancies, visited for their prenatal care in health and medical clinics of the Qazvin province during years 2013 and 2014. At first, demographic data were recorded in a questionnaire and then all pregnant cases were referred to one of the three reference laboratories for their first trimester routine tests. After hemoglobin and hematocrit date collection, women were categorized in three groups: Hb < 11, Hb ≥ 12.49 and 11 ≤ Hb < 12.49, and based on Hct, two groups: Hct < 38% and Hct ≥ 38. The analysis was done by χ2 (chi-square) and t-test with SPSS 16. Receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve and Youden’s index were utilized for finding the optimum cut off for each. P values of < 0.05 were considered significant.

Background

Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are one of the most serious complications and their early diagnosis is one of the most important goals of prenatal care.

Preeclampsia;First Trimester;Hemoglobin;Hematocrit Preeclampsia;First Trimester;Hemoglobin;Hematocrit http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=36810 Hamideh Pakniat Hamideh Pakniat Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Farideh Movahed Farideh Movahed Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Atie Bahman Atie Bahman Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Mahdi Azoor Mahdi Azoor Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran
en 10.17795/bhs-37891 Job Burnout and its Association With Work Schedules and Job Satisfaction Among Iranian Nurses in a Public Hospital: A Questionnaire Survey Job Burnout and its Association With Work Schedules and Job Satisfaction Among Iranian Nurses in a Public Hospital: A Questionnaire Survey research-article research-article Conclusions

The current study revealed that the Iranian nurses are exposed to a considerable risk of personal accomplishment. Also, job burnout is in association with shift working and low job satisfaction level. In this regard, working pressure, type of job and income may affect job burnout. Ergonomic interventional programs are recommended to improve the working conditions.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted in one of the largest Iranian public hospitals among 362 nurses (response rate: 80.44%) in Tehran, Iran. The Maslach burnout inventory (MBI-22) and demographic factors questionnaire were used in the present study. The relationship between job burnout with work schedules and job satisfaction was investigated with multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results

The mean age and work experience of the participants were 36.14 ± 8.59 and 15.23 ±9.30 years, respectively. The result indicated a relatively high prevalence of burnout (particularly, personal accomplishment) among the study population. In general, 64.4% of participants reported low personal accomplishment level. The nurses engaged in shift work reported higher levels of emotional exhaustion (odds ratio (OR) = 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.006 - 1.041, P-value = 0.008); there was no relationship between work schedules with depersonalization and personal accomplishment. The result showed significant relationship between job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion (OR = 0.945, 95% CI = 0.928 - 0.963, P-value < 0.001) and personal accomplishment (OR = 1.003, 95% CI = 1.014 - 1.058, P-value = 0.001).

Background

Job burnout, defined as a syndrome derived from prolonged exposure to stressors at work, is often observed in health care workers. Shift work and job satisfaction are considered two of the occupational risks for burnout in nurses. Nurses have stress and health complaints. In addition, nurses are likely to job burnout.

Objectives

The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of job burnout and its association with work schedules and job satisfaction among Iranian nurses in a public hospital.

Conclusions

The current study revealed that the Iranian nurses are exposed to a considerable risk of personal accomplishment. Also, job burnout is in association with shift working and low job satisfaction level. In this regard, working pressure, type of job and income may affect job burnout. Ergonomic interventional programs are recommended to improve the working conditions.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted in one of the largest Iranian public hospitals among 362 nurses (response rate: 80.44%) in Tehran, Iran. The Maslach burnout inventory (MBI-22) and demographic factors questionnaire were used in the present study. The relationship between job burnout with work schedules and job satisfaction was investigated with multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results

The mean age and work experience of the participants were 36.14 ± 8.59 and 15.23 ±9.30 years, respectively. The result indicated a relatively high prevalence of burnout (particularly, personal accomplishment) among the study population. In general, 64.4% of participants reported low personal accomplishment level. The nurses engaged in shift work reported higher levels of emotional exhaustion (odds ratio (OR) = 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.006 - 1.041, P-value = 0.008); there was no relationship between work schedules with depersonalization and personal accomplishment. The result showed significant relationship between job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion (OR = 0.945, 95% CI = 0.928 - 0.963, P-value < 0.001) and personal accomplishment (OR = 1.003, 95% CI = 1.014 - 1.058, P-value = 0.001).

Background

Job burnout, defined as a syndrome derived from prolonged exposure to stressors at work, is often observed in health care workers. Shift work and job satisfaction are considered two of the occupational risks for burnout in nurses. Nurses have stress and health complaints. In addition, nurses are likely to job burnout.

Objectives

The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of job burnout and its association with work schedules and job satisfaction among Iranian nurses in a public hospital.

Circadian Rhythm;Burnout;Occupational Health;Job Satisfaction Circadian Rhythm;Burnout;Occupational Health;Job Satisfaction http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=37891 Baratali Asghari Baratali Asghari Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Ahmad Bazazan Ahmad Bazazan Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran; Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9368668873 Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran; Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9368668873 Soheil Nasouhi Soheil Nasouhi Toxicological Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, IR Iran Toxicological Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, IR Iran Qorbanali Aghighy Qorbanali Aghighy Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran Farhad Ahmadi Farhad Ahmadi Shahid Sattari University, Tehran, IR Iran Shahid Sattari University, Tehran, IR Iran Amirhosein Talebian Amirhosein Talebian Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran Maryam Asadi Maryam Asadi Department of Occupational Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran Department of Occupational Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran Ali Raei Ali Raei Planning Management Training, Payame Noor University, Tehran, IR Iran Planning Management Training, Payame Noor University, Tehran, IR Iran Parvin Mohammadpour Parvin Mohammadpour University of Applied Science and Technology, Tehran, IR Iran University of Applied Science and Technology, Tehran, IR Iran
en 10.17795/bhs-37062 Detection of Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in Patients With Ongoing Miscarriage Using Serological Tests and Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Detection of Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in Patients With Ongoing Miscarriage Using Serological Tests and Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction brief-report brief-report Conclusions

IgM alone is not a marker for viral shedding in genital tract. Molecular testing in conjunction of IgG test should be evaluated as an option to determine HSV status, and applied for research on HSV genital infections records.

Methods

Two hundred and eight females were included in the study; IgM antibodies against HSV1/2 were detected in serum samples; the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) quantification of viral DNA was performed on cervicovaginal samples. Positive females were tested for IgG anti-HSV-2.

Results

The results indicated 12.5% IgM-positive and 2.9% real-time PCR positive samples. None of the patients was positive for the both analyses, simultaneously. Among IgM-positives cases, 16.6% were also IgG-positive; whilst in PCR-positives samples, 20% were also IgG-positive. The presence of viral DNA without detectable IgM or IgG antibodies could indicate a recent infection or a reactivation with low copy numbers.

Background

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is one of the most frequent viruses affecting females’ sexual and reproductive health.

Objectives

The current study aimed to determine the HSV serostatus and viral shedding in patients with ongoing miscarriage.

Conclusions

IgM alone is not a marker for viral shedding in genital tract. Molecular testing in conjunction of IgG test should be evaluated as an option to determine HSV status, and applied for research on HSV genital infections records.

Methods

Two hundred and eight females were included in the study; IgM antibodies against HSV1/2 were detected in serum samples; the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) quantification of viral DNA was performed on cervicovaginal samples. Positive females were tested for IgG anti-HSV-2.

Results

The results indicated 12.5% IgM-positive and 2.9% real-time PCR positive samples. None of the patients was positive for the both analyses, simultaneously. Among IgM-positives cases, 16.6% were also IgG-positive; whilst in PCR-positives samples, 20% were also IgG-positive. The presence of viral DNA without detectable IgM or IgG antibodies could indicate a recent infection or a reactivation with low copy numbers.

Background

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is one of the most frequent viruses affecting females’ sexual and reproductive health.

Objectives

The current study aimed to determine the HSV serostatus and viral shedding in patients with ongoing miscarriage.

Herpes;Diagnosis;Viral Shedding Herpes;Diagnosis;Viral Shedding http://www.Biotech-health.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=37062 Laura Conde-Ferraez Laura Conde-Ferraez Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico; Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico. Tel: +52-999246809, Fax: +52-999236120 Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico; Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico. Tel: +52-999246809, Fax: +52-999236120 Jose R Canche-Pech Jose R Canche-Pech Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Guadalupe Ayora-Talavera Guadalupe Ayora-Talavera Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Luis A Saenz-Carbonell Luis A Saenz-Carbonell Centro de Investigación Cientifica de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Centro de Investigación Cientifica de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Ivan I Cordova-Lara Ivan I Cordova-Lara Centro de Investigación Cientifica de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Centro de Investigación Cientifica de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Maria del R Gonzalez-Losa Maria del R Gonzalez-Losa Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Laboratorio de Virologia, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Yucatan, Mexico